linkedin-icon-whiteInstagramFacebookX logo

AI Chatbot Explained: From the World’s First to Real-World Chatbot Applications

AI Chatbot Explained: From the World’s First to Real-World Chatbot Applications

AI chatbots have taken center stage, completely transforming how businesses engage with their customers in today’s world of digital age. Not just as customer support agents, bots can take up any role they are given, from sales and marketing agents to virtual medical assistants. These digital assistants are quick and smart to respond to multiple customer queries simultaneously at any time with utmost personalization. What’s great, they fit perfectly across diverse industries.

Welcome to the forefront of the AI chatbot revolution!

What is an AI Chatbot?  

Technically, AI chatbots are either web interfaces or software applications trained on huge data for a specific purpose. They can imitate humans to communicate and respond like them either via text or in voice. All because of natural language processing (NLP) that empowers chatbots to learn and understand our language.

AI Chatbots Before ChatGPT and Bard

AI chatbots are not new, they have a long and interesting history and have existed since the 1960s. ELIZA was the world’s first chatbot. It was surprisingly not designed for ordinary conversation with users, rather to act as a virtual psychotherapist. ELIZA marked an early foray into natural language processing and laid the foundation for the development of more advanced AI chatbots in the years that followed.

  • ALICE (1995): Created by Dr. Richard Wallace, ALICE (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity) was an early attempt at natural language processing and chatbot technology.
  • Jabberwacky (1997): A chatbot created by Rollo Carpenter, Jabberwacky used machine learning techniques to engage in open-ended conversations.
  • SmarterChild (2001): A popular chatbot on instant messaging platforms, SmarterChild offered information, and weather updates, and even engaged in casual conversation.
  • A.L.I.C.E. (AIML Interpreter and Chatbot Engine) (2001): An open-source platform for creating chatbots, based on the AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) standard.
  • Cleverbot (2008): Built on Jabberwacky's technology, Cleverbot is an AI chatbot that attempts to engage users in conversation and learn from interactions.
  • Watson (2010): IBM's Watson, while initially known for its success in the quiz show "Jeopardy!", was a powerful AI system capable of natural language processing and providing detailed answers to user queries.
  • Siri (2011): Apple's virtual assistant, Siri, brought AI-driven voice recognition and natural language understanding to a mass audience, allowing users to interact with their devices using voice commands.
  • Amazon Alexa (2014): Amazon's voice-controlled virtual assistant, Alexa, powers the Echo line of devices and can perform various tasks and answer questions through voice commands.
  • Google Assistant (2016): Google's virtual assistant, powered by natural language processing and machine learning, offers voice-based interaction, and performs various tasks for users.

Read More: How is AI Machine Vision Unlocking Industry 4.0's Full Potential?

How Do AI Chatbots Work?

There are three models on which AI chatbots work. These are pattern-matching methods, algorithms, and Artificial Neural Networks. Here's an explanation of how each classification method operates:

  1. Pattern Matching Chatbots

Pattern matching chatbots are rule-based systems that rely on predefined patterns and rules to understand and respond to user inputs. These patterns and rules are created by human developers. When a user interacts with a pattern-matching chatbot, the system scans the user's input for specific keywords or phrases. If it identifies a match, the chatbot selects a predetermined response associated with that pattern or rule. 

For example, if a user types "What's the weather like today?" to a weather information chatbot, the chatbot might have a rule that recognizes the keyword "weather" and responds with the current weather forecast for the user's location.

Advantages: These chatbots are relatively simple to create and maintain. They work well for tasks with clear and limited interactions.

Limitations: Pattern-matching chatbots struggle with complex conversations and understanding context beyond predefined rules. They lack adaptability and can't learn from user interactions.

  1. Algorithmic Chatbots

These chatbots use algorithms and decision trees to process user inputs and generate responses. They rely on logic and structured decision-making. When a user interacts with an algorithmic chatbot, the system analyzes the input using a series of programmed algorithms. These algorithms evaluate the input, follow decision paths, and select an appropriate response based on the logic defined in the algorithms.

For example, an algorithmic chatbot for troubleshooting electronic devices might ask the user a series of yes/no questions to diagnose the problem and provide a solution based on the answers.

Advantages: Algorithmic chatbots can handle more complex interactions than pattern-matching chatbots. They are suitable for decision-making tasks.

Limitations: These chatbots are limited by predefined algorithms and may struggle with understanding nuances in language and context.

  1. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Chatbots

ANN chatbots leverage deep learning techniques and artificial neural networks to understand and respond to user inputs. They are capable of learning from large datasets. ANNs process user inputs by passing them through layers of artificial neurons, which learn to recognize patterns and relationships in the data. Over time, the network adjusts its internal parameters to improve its ability to generate relevant responses.

For example, a customer service chatbot built using ANNs can understand a wide range of customer inquiries, learn from interactions, and provide more context-aware responses as it accumulates more data.

Advantages: ANN chatbots excel at natural language understanding, and context handling, and can improve their performance over time through continuous learning.

Limitations: They are more complex to develop and require large datasets for effective training. Additionally, ANNs may sometimes produce unexpected or incorrect responses if they encounter unfamiliar inputs.

What AI Chatbots Can Do for You?

These smart virtual creatures are capable of doing almost everything that can be trained for. But for a glimpse, we have listed five common and growing use cases of AI chatbots and how they're reshaping the landscape of customer engagement and business operations.

1. Customer Service: Elevating Support to New Heights

The simplest adoption of AI chatbots is in customer service. Customer service is the lifeblood and a critical aspect of business operations, but challenges such as availability, scalability, and consistency are also there. AI chatbots are redefining the way companies interact with their customers by overcoming all the challenges and offering instant and efficient responses to customer inquiries and issues

How does it work?


  • 24/7 Availability: Customer support chatbots are available round-the-clock, ensuring that customers receive assistance whenever they need it.
  • Cost Efficiency: They reduce the need for large customer support teams, saving on labor costs.
  • Consistency: Chatbots deliver consistent and accurate information, eliminating the risk of human errors.
  • SLA:  Chatbots aid in meeting SLAs by prioritizing requests, flagging urgencies, and ensuring compliance with specified response times. Human agents may miss SLAs, but chatbots won’t. 

2. Sales and Lead Generation: Your Digital Sales Assistant

In the realm of sales and lead generation, engaging potential customers and nurturing leads can be a daunting task for sales teams. The challenge lies in identifying and reaching out to leads at the right time and doing so at scale. AI chatbots have emerged as invaluable and efficient tools for the sales department of businesses in the lead generation process.

How does it work?


  • Increased Conversion Rates: Sales chatbots personalize recommendations and encourage users to act, leading to higher conversion rates.
  • Scalability: They handle multiple conversations simultaneously, ensuring that no leads go untouched, even during peak traffic.
  • Data Collection: Chatbots gather valuable user data for future marketing campaigns and product refinement.

3. Appointment Scheduling: Streamlining the Booking Process

Appointment scheduling is a critical function in various industries, from healthcare to professional services. AI chatbots excel in simplifying this process, making it easy for users to book a spot or get an appointment without any inconvenience or visiting physical hospitals or travel agencies.

How does it work?


  • Time Savings: Automation reduces the administrative burden on staff and customers.
  • Reducing No-Shows: Chatbots send reminders, minimizing the number of missed appointments.
  • Improved Efficiency: They optimize schedules, ensuring that resources are utilized effectively.

4. Product Recommendation: Personalizing the Shopping Experience

E-commerce businesses are leveraging AI chatbots to enhance the shopping journey by recommending products tailored to individual preferences.

How does it work?


  • Personalization: Product recommendation chatbots improve user experiences by showcasing items that resonate with individual preferences.
  • Cross-selling and Upselling: They suggest complementary or higher-value products, increasing the average order value.
  • Customer Engagement: These chatbots keep users engaged on e-commerce platforms, reducing bounce rates, and boosting conversion rates.

5. Product or Customer Onboarding: Guiding Users Seamlessly

First impression is the last impression applies to businesses as well especially when introducing customers to a new product or welcoming them onboard. A well-designed chatbot can be a game-changer by guiding them at each step as their assistant.

How does it work?


  • Enhanced User Adoption: Onboarding chatbots reduce the learning curve, leading to faster user adoption.
  • Efficient Support: They provide immediate assistance and guidance, reducing the need for extensive customer support resources.
  • Customer Satisfaction: A smooth onboarding process leads to higher customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Future is Right Here!

The growth of AI chatbots is nothing short of astounding, with a projected Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 22% from 2020 to 2025, propelling them towards a staggering US$14 billion market value by 2025. They have firmly established themselves as the champions of AI in the corporate world, and their popularity is poised to double in the coming years.

This exponential growth of AI chatbots is a direct signal that they are highly beneficial for businesses. The advantages are crystal clear – reduced operating costs, heightened customer satisfaction, and amplified revenue streams. An astonishing 90% of businesses have reported faster complaint resolution, while over 80% have witnessed improved call processing courtesy of conversational AI solutions. So, the quickly you adopt AI chatbots in your business, the faster you reap its benefits. 

Get Customize AI Chatbots From Softude

Wondering how it feels to have a personalized and customized AI chatbot at your disposal? Board on with us at an exciting journey of Octane which is Softude’s pride and the epitome of our capabilities in the field of AI chatbots for businesses. The smart bot comes in handy for lead generation, getting quick insights, handling multiple queries, and other serious challenges that might be slowing down your business operation.

Need a customized AI chatbot for your business too? Connect with Softude today. We are your gateway for exploring and leveraging endless possibilities in Artificial Intelligence. Our expert AI consultants are always ready to guide you at every step of adoption to implementation.

Liked what you read?

Subscribe to our newsletter

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Related Blogs

Let's Talk